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Articles about Bangkok, Articles about Thailand

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Bangkok Companies has collected a variety of articles, stories and observations about Bangkok and Thailand. We have included articles about Thai history, the geography of Thailand, Thai politics and economics and general articles about life, living, working and holidays in the Kingdom of Thailand.

If you have an article to publish then please send to bangkokcompanies@gmail.com

Business in Bangkok, Business in Thailand

Step by step guide to doing business in Bangkok
Balloon Trip in Thailand - A new adventure tour concept from a new Swiss-Thai company - Balloon flights over Pattaya
Thailand Facts and Statistics Tables charts and statistics about Thailand Geography, Thai Education, Thai population and various business information.
Thailand Overview - A general viewpoint of some of the features that make Thailand such a great place to visit and a great place to live in.
July 2005 Thailand Tax Update - A recent guide to tax and financial statistics and financial trends in Thailand
Thailand Air Conditioning - Report on the Thai air conditioner industry

Mining in Thailand - From the coal mines of South Yorkshire to The Tin Mine in the South of Thailand

Tsunami Alarm System - A special Tsunami warning alarm system has been installed in the areas hit last year by the massive waves which caused so much destruction and loss of life
 

Life in Bangkok, Life in Thailand

Hanging around in Thailand - Ballooning in Thailand Flying over Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Pattaya and Phuket
Thailand Diving Tour - Receive your professional PADI dive certificate while staying at one of the most beautiful and unspoiled stretches of white sand beach in all of southern Thailand
How to get around Bangkok - Busses, Tuk Tuk or taxi - the choice is yours
The Tin MIne - How I became a Thai movie star
Churches in Thailand - Churches in Bangkok, Churches in Chiangmai, and the provinces
Traditional Thai Medicine Practices
Always Amazing Thailand - a summary of Thailand - history, tourist attractions, food and nightlife in Bangkok
Missing in Thailand - Looking for a missing husband, son or daughter? advice on how to trace a person who is lost in Thailand
Golf Tourists and Golf Expats - The mystery solved - Why do single guys come to Thailand? to play golf of course!! - tales of what goes on at the extra hole
Looking for a Thai Wife? - First of all are you really sure you want to get involved with a Thai Girl - If so we have an offer you can't refuse
Bangkok 101 (Reasons to come - Reasons to stay)
Bangkok102  (Guys, Girls and rabbits on Viagra)
Viagra in Thailand - What's up guys? - where do you buy cheap Viagra? and who really needs the pills in Bangkok
Another Brick in the wall - Teaching in Thailand. Thinking of taking a TEFL course in Thailand. Do you really want to be a teacher in Thailand?

Massage Parlours in Bangkok

 

Thai Language

Study Thai - The Ultimate guide for studying Thai Language and Thai Culture
 

Thai Culture

Thai Society and Its Environment - Neither static nor a revolutionary society, Thailand has always been able to harness the talents of its people. More...
 

Thailand Geography, Environment

Physical Setting - Thailand's 514,000 square kilometers lie in the middle of mainland Southeast Asia. More...
Boundaries - Thailand in the late 1980s shared boundaries with Burma, Malaysia, Laos, and Cambodia. More...
Topography and Drainage - The most conspicuous features of Thailand's terrain are high mountains, a central plain, and an upland plateau. More...
Regions - Landforms and drainage divide the country more or less into four natural regions--the North, the Northeast, the Center, and the South. More...
Climate - Thailand has a tropical monsoon climate; temperatures normally range from an average annual high of 38?C to a low of 19?C. More...
 

Thailand Human Geography

Population - One of the 20 most populous nations in the world, Thailand had in 1987 about 53 million people. More...
Ethnicity, Regionalism and Language - cultural features, such as adherence to Theravada Buddhism--regionalism and ethnic differences were socially and politically significant. More...
The Thai and Other Tai-Speaking Peoples - Thai--spoke dialects of one of the languages of the Tai language family. More...
The Non-Tai Minorities - Besides the Tai-speaking minorities, there were a number of peoples speaking languages of other families. More...
The Highland Peoples, Hill Peoples - Among the larger groups of highland people were the Karen (Kariang, Yang), Hmong (Meo, Miao), Mien (Yao), Lahu (Mussur), Akha (Kaw), and Lisu, or Lisaw. More...
The Khmer - Two groups of Khmer could also be distinguished, long-time inhabitants of Thailand and more recent arrivals. More...
The Mon -  also known as Raman or Tailaing, migrated from Burma during the sixteenth to eighteenth centuries. More...
The Vietnamese - In the mid-1970s, the number of Vietnamese in Thailand was estimated at between 60,000 and 70,000. More...
The Chinese - In 1987 an estimated 11 percent of the total Thai population, or about 6 million people, were of Chinese origin. More...
The South Asians - In 1979 the Ministry of Interior estimated that there were 60,000 Hindus and Sikhs in Thailand. More...
Ethnic and Regional Relations - the government took the position that all Tai people should be accorded all the rights, privileges, and opportunities that went with being a citizen. More...
The Social System - The rural areas, where most Thai live, have been affected by change for many decades. More...
Rural Social Patterns - "The spatially defined rural village, which receives the allegiance of its members, furnishes an important part of their social identity. More...

National and Urban Structures: Class and Status - In general, the Thai accorded high status to those who wielded power. More...

Class Consciousness - Of the categories or strata discernible in Thai society, only one, the royal family and the hereditary nobility, constituted a self-conscious group. More...
Social Mobility - The expansion of the bureaucracy and the military and the movement of the Thai into a rapidly growing private sector created opportunities for social mobility. More...
 

Thai Religion

Theravada Buddhism - the form of Buddhism practiced in Sri Lanka, Burma, Cambodia, and Laos, was the religion of more than 80 percent of the Thai people in the 1980s. More...

Historical Background - Thai Buddhism was based on the religious movement founded in the sixth century B.C. More...

Buddhist Doctrine and Popular Religion - The doctrine of Theravada Buddhism can be found in the three-part Tipitaka. More...
The Sangha - comprises two sects or schools, the Mahanikaya and the Dhammayuttika. More...
Buddhism, Politics, and Values - The organizational links between the sangha and the government are an indication of their interdependence. More...
Religious Minorities - Defining Thai minority religions was as complex as defining Thai ethnic minorities. More...
 

General Thailand Articles

Education and The Arts - In the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, United States and British missionaries introduced formal European education. More...
Health and Welfare - By Asian standards, the level of public health in Thailand was relatively good. More...
The Indochinese Refugee Question - The forced migrations of Indochinese to Thailand for political or economic reasons had been a common occurrence throughout the 200 years of the Chakkri Dynasty. More...
 

Thailand Transportation

Transportation System - Thailand's transportation system of inland waterways, railroads, and roads was centered on Bangkok. More...
Inland Waterways - 4,000 kilometers of inland waterways consisting of the rivers and canals of the central plain. More...
Railroads - the first section--from Bangkok to Ayutthaya-- was inaugurated in 1896. More...
Roads - Extensive development of the road network did not start until after World War II. More...
Ports and Shipping - The port of Bangkok had experienced continuous growth since the 1950s. More...
Civil Aviation - Domestic air service was furnished by Thai Airways Company (TAC), a government-owned entity established in 1951. More...
 

Thailand Energy

Fuels & Energy - There were also deposits of lignite, which was used to fuel a number of power plants. More...
Electric Power - In 1958 the Metropolitan Electricity Authority (MEA) was established to generate and supply power to Bangkok. More...
Petroleum and Natural Gas - Oil was discovered near Fang in the far north of the country in the early 1950s. More...
 

Thailand Telecommunications

Thailand Telecommunications - By the mid-1980s, Thailand had an average density of one telephone per hundred inhabitants. More...
 

Thailand Government and Politics

Government and Politics - Under the Constitution of 1978, Thailand has a British-style cabinet form of government. More...

The Constitutional Framework - The Constitution provides for a parliamentary form of government with the king as titular head of state. More...

The Central Government - all important decisions emanating from the traditionally powerful bureaucratic elite in Bangkok. More...
The King - As ceremonial head of state, the monarch is endowed with a formal power of assent and appointment. More...
National Assembly - Under the Constitution, the National Assembly was structured to accommodate both the military and civilian bureaucratic elite and the electorate. More...
Council of Ministers - The cabinet, the center of Thai political power, consisted of forty-four members, including the prime minister, deputy prime ministers, ministers, and deputy ministers. More...
Judiciary - The judiciary provided for three levels of courts: the courts of first instance, the Court of Appeal, and the Supreme Court. More...
Local government - Local government comprised both regular territorial administrative units and self-governing bodies. More...
Civil Service - Personnel administration was in theory centralized under the Civil Service Commission. More...
Political Developments 1980-1987 - In 1987 Thailand was stable under Prime Minister Prem's eighth consecutive year of administration. More...
Political Parties - The concept of party politics dated back to the early 1930s. More...
Foreign Affairs - Diplomacy has served Thailand well. More...
Foreign Relations - During the 1960s, Thailand maintained close economic and security ties with the United States. More...

Foreign Relations since 1980 - Thailand was committed to solving its problems with the neighboring states of Indochina--Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. More...

 

Thailand Police, Judiciary

Internal Security System - The concept of public order founded on the supremacy of law has long been stressed in Thailand. More...
Police and Paramilitary Forces - maintenance of public order through enforcement of the kingdom's laws was exercised by the Thailand National Police Department. More...
Provincial Police - This force provided police services to every town and village throughout the kingdom except metropolitan Bangkok. More...
Border Patrol Police - the paramilitary Border Patrol Police (BPP) has remained the country's most effective internal security force. More...
Metropolitan Police - Responsible for providing all law enforcement services for the capital city of Bangkok and its suburbs. More...
Central Investigation Bureau - The specialized units of the bureau, including the railroad, marine, highway, and forestry police. More...
Police Education Bureau - responsible for training police personnel in the latest methods of law enforcement and the use of modern weapons. More...
Criminal Justice - Until the nineteenth century the source of criminal law in the kingdom was ancient Thai law. More...
Criminal Code - The Criminal Code listed twelve kinds of offenses categorized as felonies. More...
Procedures in Criminal Law - The first step in a criminal case was a preliminary investigation carried out by a police officer. More...
Penal System - The penal system was administered by the Department of Corrections within the Ministry of Interior. More...

Criminal Activity and the Narcotics Trade - In general, organized crime appeared to be rare, except for the illicit trade in opium, heroin, and cannabis. More..

 
Do you have an article to publish in this section?  Please send to bangkokcompanies@gmail.com

Thai History

Historical Setting - 5,000-year-old archaeological sites in the northeastern part of the country are believed to contain the oldest evidence of rice cultivation and bronze casting in Asia - More...
The Early History of Thailand - Archaeological evidence indicates a thriving Paleolithic culture in the region and continuous human habitation for at least 20,000 years - More...
Mon and the Khmer Civilizations - Mon and Khmer peoples entered Southeast Asia along migration routes from southern China in the ninth century B.C. More...
Tai People: Origins and Migrations - The forebears of the modern Thai were Tai-speaking people living south of the Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) More...
Sukhothai - Situated on the banks of the Mae Nam Yom some 375 kilometers north of present-day Bangkok, Sukhothai was the cradle of Thai civilization, the place where its institutions and culture first developed More...
The Ayutthaya Period - The kingdom of Ayutthaya was founded by U Thong, an adventurer allegedly descended from a rich Chinese merchant family who married royalty. In 1350, to escape the threat of an epidemic, he moved his court south into the rich floodplain of the Chao Phraya. On an island in the river he founded a new capital, which he called Ayutthaya - More...
Thai Kingship - Thai rulers were absolute monarchs whose office was partly religious in nature. More...
Social and Political Development - The king stood at the apex of a highly stratified social and political hierarchy that extended throughout the society More...
Thailand Economic Development - The Thai never lacked a rich food supply. More...
Contacts with the West - In 1511 Ayutthaya received a diplomatic mission from the Portuguese, who earlier that year had conquered Malacca. These were probably the first Europeans to visit the country. More...
Ayutthaya: The Final Phase - After a bloody period of dynastic struggle, Ayutthaya entered into what has been called its golden age. More...
The Bangkok Period - A new capital farther south in the delta at Thon Buri, a fortress town across the river from modern Bangkok. More...
The Chakkri Dynasty - With the death of Taksin, the Thai throne fell to Chakkri, a general who had played a leading role with Taksin in the struggle against the Burmese. More...
Mongkut's Opening to the West - Mongkut's twenty-seven years as a Buddhist monk not only made him a religious figure of some consequence but also exposed him to a wide array of foreign influences. More...
Chulalongkorn's Reforms - Under his father's direction, Chulalongkorn had received a thorough education by European tutors. More...
The Crisis of 1893 - The steady encroachment of the two most aggressive European powers in the region, Britain and France, gravely threatened Siam during the last years of the nineteenth century. More...
The Beginning of the Constitutional Era - Early in his reign, King Prajadhipok showed a tendency to share responsibility for political decision making with his ministers. More...
The 1932 Coup - The long era of absolute monarchy was brought to a sudden end on June 24, 1932, by a bloodless coup d'etat engineered by a group of civil servants and army officers More...
Phibun and the Nationalist Regime - The Phibun regime sold nationalism to the public by using propaganda methods borrowed from authoritarian regimes in Europe. More...
World War II - Thailand responded pragmatically to the military and political pressures of World War II. More...

Pridi and the Civilian Regime - The most influential figure in the regime, however, was Pridi, whose anti Japanese views were increasingly attractive to the Thai. More...

The Return of Phibun and the military - Phibun's group played on intense public resentment of the war reparations Thailand had to pay. More...
November 1947 Coup - In November 1947, the so-called Coup d'Etat Group, led by two retired generals and backed by Phibun, seized power from the civilian government. More...
November 1951 Coup - By 1951 Phibun had begun to share political power with two associates who had participated with him in the 1947 coup that overthrew the civilian regime. More...
Phibun's Experiment with "Democracy" - Phibun attempted to offset Sarit's advantage among the military by generating popular support for himself. More...

Sarit and Thanom - The king approved Sarit's action; the royal family had opposed Phibun since the 1930s. More...

Sarit's Return - Sarit, who spoke of instilling "national discipline" in the country. More...
Thai Politics and Foreign Policy - Thanom focused his efforts on seeking to maintain political stability; promoting economic development. More...
November 1971 Coup - In November 1971, Prime Minister Thanom executed a coup against his own government. More...
Thailand in Transition - The next day troops opened fire on the demonstrators, killing seventy-five, and occupied the campus of Thammasat University. More...
Military Rule and Limited Parliamentary Government - With the support of the king and the military membership of NARC, a new government was formed. More...
Prem in Power - Although a military figure, Thailand's new prime minister sought to give civilians a greater role in government. More...
Foreign Relations - The Thai government under Prime Minister Kriangsak had sought a rapprochement with Indochina's new communist states - More...
 

Thailand Economics

The Thai Economy - It remained capitalist in orientation, largely operated by the private sector with supportive infrastructure furnished by the government. More...
Economic and Financial Development - pragmatic economic management resulted in the emergence of one of the fastest growing and most successful economies among the developing countries. More...
Public Finance - The financing of public expenditures caused a major imbalance because of high deficit and low public savings. More...
Money and Banking - governmental intervention put the financial sector under stress. More...
Financial Institutions - The primary state-owned facility was the Bank of Thailand. More...
Money and Capital Markets - The Security Exchange of Thailand (SET) had combined the functions of securities market and securities commission. More...
Rural Finance - Beginning in the late 1960s, the government gave top priority to increasing credit availability to the agricultural sector. More...
Industrial Finance - Commercial banks, finance companies, and the Industrial Finance Corporation of Thailand (IFCT) were the main suppliers of credit to the industrial sector. More...
Monetary Policies - Control over the rate of credit extension was the primary means for supporting growth. More...
Employment and Wages - The work force had gone through some structural changes in terms of age and sex. More...
International Trade and Finance - Thailand sustained a trade balance deficit from the early 1970s to the mid-1980s. More...
External Debt - The composition of Thai indebtedness in terms of interest rates, maturity, and currency structure appeared to be better than that in most other developing countries. More...
 

Thailand Industry & Manufacturing

Industry - The industrial sector in Thailand contributed considerably to economic growth. More...
Manufacturing - Manufacturing was the most important industrial sub-sector in Thailand, comprising on average 25 percent of each addition to GDP. More...
Industrial Policy - The Thai industrial sector was under the supervision of seven governmental agencies. More...
 

Thailand Agriculture, Fishing & Mining

Agriculture - The Thai farmer's ability to adapt to changing market conditions contributed to the country's agricultural success. More...
Land Use and Soils - Roughly two-fifths of Thailand is covered by mountains and hills, the steepness of which generally precludes cultivation. More...
Land Tenure - Traditionally, the king owned all the land, from which he made grants to nobles, officials, and other free subjects. More...
Tenancy and Land Reform - agricultural tenancy nationwide appeared to have been low except in the commercial rice-growing areas of the central plain and in the North. More...
Irrigation - Thai farmers traditionally relied on rain and flood water for crops, but the amount needed for rice cultivation was not always received. More...
Crops - Other important crops in which major production increases also had been made were pineapples, peanuts, cashew nuts, soybeans, bananas, sesame, coconuts, cotton, kapok, and castor beans. More...
Rice - Rice, the nation's major crop, was grown by about three quarters of all farm households. More...
Rubber - In 1901 British planters introduced rubber trees into the Malay Peninsula. More...
Maize - Maize was believed to have been introduced by Spanish or Portuguese traders in the sixteenth century. More...
Cassava - Cassava, a root crop from which tapioca is made, was introduced in about 1935. More...
Other Crops, Sugarcane, Kenaf, Pineapples, Coffee - Sugarcane has long been widely grown. More...
Livestock and Poultry - Animal husbandry accounted for about 13 percent of the gross value of agricultural production. More...
Fisheries - Fish also accounted for about three-fifths of the protein in the national diet. More...
Forestry - Except for a few small, privately owned, coastal mangrove areas, all forestland was the property of the state. More...
Mining - Tin was the leading mineral. The existence of tin in the area of present-day Thailand was known at least by the thirteenth century. More...
 

Thailand Media and Publications

The Media - the media played an important role as the principal source of domestic and foreign news and, to a lesser degree, as a source of public entertainment. More...
 

Thailand National Security, Defense, The Military

National Security - The pragmatism inherent in Thai national security policy brought the country safely through World War II. More...
Insurgency - Insurgency also became much more active in the South. More...

Potential External Threats - the government turned to protecting the country from outside aggression. More...

The Armed Forces - Composed of heterogeneous elements of regular cadres and conscripts, the armed forces in mid-1987 had a total strength of approximately 273,000 officers. More...
General Military Development - From early times, the country's kings were, with few exceptions, military leaders. More...

Military in National Life - Liberal-minded observers deplored the inordinate influence the armed forces had on the country's sociopolitical existence. More...

The Military Roles - The army's main purpose was to defend the country against invasion by any foreign ground force. More...
Military Manpower - All Thai males were required to register when they became eighteen years of age. More...
Defense Spending - the amounts of money budgeted and expended for defense varied somewhat according to whether or not a military regime controlled the government. More...
Domestic Defense Industry - Before the 1970s, domestic defense production was extremely limited. More...
Foreign Security Assistance - Western nations, notably Britain, West Germany, and Italy, have provided Thailand with moderate amounts of military aid. More...
Military Structure - Thailand's military establishment reflected to some degree the influence of American defense practices. More...
Royal Thai Army - The oldest and largest of the military services, the Royal Thai Army traditionally served as the mainstay of the kingdom's defense system. More...
Royal Thai Navy - The navy's combat forces included the Royal Fleet and the Royal Thai Marine Corps. More...
Royal Thai Air Force - The Royal Thai Air Force was the most recently formed of the three services. More...
Military Training - New army conscripts customarily underwent a sixteen-week program of instruction. More...
Military Uniforms, Ranks, and Insignia - each Thai service component developed its own distinctive uniforms, ranking system, and insignia. More...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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